Write to Do the Right Thing

I create things and write about them here as well as other stuff. Views are always mine.

現在完了と過去完了

A POM News employee ------- in an extortion plot against Peter Monk, who was forced to acknowledge sexual relationships with female staffers on his show after the man tried to blackmail him for $3 million.

(A) has indicted

(B) indicted

(C) was indicted

(D) has been indicted

Source http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20091002/ap_on_en_tv/us_tv_letterman_extortion

(The sentence has been a bit modified.)

ANS: (D)

テストではもっとはっきりした文(for, sinceがついているとか)でしか過去形と現在完了形の違いは問われないと思いますが、この英文はニュアンスから現在完了のほうがふさわしいことがわかるという点でいい例文になっています。ちなみに過去完了のニュアンスを学ぶいい例文はこんな感じです。

Rio had played heavily on the fact that South America has never previously hosted the games, while Europe, Asia and North America have done so repeatedly.

次に indict はやっぱり発音を間違いがちな単語ですよね。答えは書きませんが、知らない人は調べてください。

staffer という単語を使うんですね。これはぼくも知りませんでした。

Remove all ads